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Fertility Dictionary: G - L




Hirsutism is a condition where a woman develops excessive hair growth, especially in her face, chest, and back.



Infertility is defined as the failure to conceive after 1 year (or longer) of unprotected sex. Women aged 35 years or older are recommended to take a fertility assessment if they are not pregnant after 6 months of unprotected sex.

Infertility affects millions of people of reproductive age globally. An estimate suggests that around 1 in 7 couples may face difficulty in conceiving.

In general, there are two types of infertility.

  • Primary infertility - When a person has never achieved a pregnancy before.
  • Secondary infertility - When a person has achieved at least 1 pregnancy before.



Inflammation happens when your body encounters invaders such as viruses, bacteria or toxic chemicals, and activates your immune system to protect your body.

The 5 signs of inflammation are:

  • pain
  • heat
  • redness
  • swelling
  • loss of function


Insulin Resistance

Insulin resistance is a condition where the cells in your body do not respond well to insulin and cannot use the glucose from your blood.


Intrauterine Insemination (IUI)

Intrauterine Insemination (IUI) is also known as artificial insemination treatment. It is the closest fertility treatment in imitating the natural conception process. In this procedure, processed and concentrated sperm will be inserted into the uterus around the time of ovulation.


In-Vitro Fertilization (IVF)

In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) treatment is usually referred to as "test-tube baby". The procedure starts by collecting the samples of egg and sperm. The egg(s) will then be fertilized by the sperm in the test tube under laboratory conditions. The fertilized egg (embryo) will then be transferred to the uterus.


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